Secluded horse property minutes from Billings. 2 bed, 1 bath ranch home is on 6.5 acres and includes an oversized 3 car garage/shop. Bunkhouse and corrals on site. Fully fenced and ready for your horses. $180,000
This shepherd horse property has a 2394 Sq. Ft. home with many outbuildings, including a large 3 car detached garage/shop, 22×24 garage/barn and a 20×80 open faced shed. Automatic waterers and several smaller cross fenced pastures in place. Four additional mobile home hook ups in place.
3 Bedroom, 2 Bath with attached over sized 2 car garage. Custom home built in 2007. Quality build with open floor plan and vaulted ceiling. One level living with great master suite, walk-in closet and tiled shower. Completely finished bonus room above garage currently used as an office/media room. Property is fully landscaped and fenced with mature landscaping and underground sprinklers. Great garden area. Timber frame patio off of the kitchen/dining area. This property is great for entertaining! Adjacent lot held by owner and available for separate purchase. Pre-zoned for additional residence or perfect area for your new shop space.
Ready to retire and move in to town? Owner is open to possibility of land or farm & ranch trade.
Blue ribbon fishing on about one and a quarter miles of the Yellowstone River located between Columbus and Park City. The property has 228 acres of river bottom with both mature and new growth cottonwoods, willows and cedar trees. There are several back channels with beaver dams. Approximately 19 acres are irrigated and there are several prime buildings sites with views of the Bear Tooth Range and Young’s Point. The property is steeped in history as is very possibly was the site of Captain Clark’s camp on his voyage down the Yellowstone in 1805. The property is located only about 30 minutes from Billings, MT the largest city in Montana. $1,450,000
After calving, cows go through a period of temporary infertility known as postpartum anestrus. Cows will not experience estrous cycles during this time. Another common term associated with this phenomenon is postpartum interval, which is the time from calving to the subsequent conception. Postpartum interval plays an important role in determining a cow’s calving interval, or the number of days from calving date in one year to calving date the next year. To maintain a 365-day calving interval, a cow must have a postpartum interval of 80-85 days. If a shorter calving interval is desired to move the cow up in the calving cycle, she must have a postpartum interval of less than 80-85 days.
Several factors can influence the length of the postpartum anestrous period, including uterine involution, short cycling, suckling effects, and nutritional status. Uterine involution is the regression of the uterus—in both structure and function—to a status that is capable of carrying another pregnancy. This entails the uterus returning to a non-pregnant size, shape, and position, shedding all fetal membranes, and the repair of uterine tissues. This process is completed in approximately 20-40 days post-calving if no complications arise.
The first ovulation postpartum often occurs without visual signs of the cow being in heat, and is often followed by abnormal function of the corpus luteum (CL). Normal CL lifespan takes up 14-18 days of the typical 21-day estrous cycle of a beef cow. The short estrous cycles experienced by cows overcoming postpartum anestrus are characterized by a CL lifespan of 10 days or less. This is thought to be due to high levels of prostaglandin production and metabolism by the uterus during uterine involution. Prostaglandin is responsible for regression and death of the CL in a normal estrous cycle, but at the elevated levels described, that regression and death of the CL is premature. If fertilization of the egg from this ovulation were to occur, maternal recognition of pregnancy would fail as CL regression would take place too soon, and the embryo would be lost.
A nursing calf can be a factor in the length of time a cow takes to return to cyclicity. One might assume that the energy demand of lactation is the major issue at play in this case, but it is actually the suckling effect and presence of a calf. Suckling triggers a complex system of brain and hormone responses that result in lack of ovulation. Frequency of suckling has shown to have a threshold influence on postpartum fertility. Suckling sessions of two or less per day promote return to cyclicity while sessions of greater than two per day tend to cause postpartum anestrus. It has been suggested that the maternal bond between the dam and calf plays an important role in this phenomenon as well. This may be due to the cow seeing, smelling, or hearing her calf or all of the above!
Plane of nutrition is an important part of cattle management throughout the production cycle. Pre-calving nutrition is probably more important than post-calving nutrition in impacting postpartum interval length. Cows with inadequate energy reserves typically have several follicular waves before a successful ovulation. Without ovulation, no CL forms and estrous cycles are not initiated. Due to the dramatic increases in nutrient requirements during late gestation and early lactation, intervention to improve cow condition during times of the year when nutrient requirements are lowest (post-weaning, for example) will result in the most efficient use of nutrients by the cow at a lower cost.
Many different factors interact to impact the postpartum anestrous period in beef cows. This post-calving period of temporary infertility can’t be avoided, but through an understanding of the systems at play, it can be managed to ensure reproductive success during the breeding season.
By Dr. Rachel Endecott, MSU Extension Beef Cattle Specialist
Source: Montana Stockgrowers Association
Farm banks significantly increased agricultural lending by 13.6 percent in 2014 and held $94.6 billion in farm loans at the end of the year, according to the American Bankers Association’s annual Farm Bank Performance Report.
Asset quality continued to improve at the nation’s 2,036 farm banks as non-performing loans declined to pre-recession levels. ABA defines farm banks as banks whose ratio of domestic farm loans to total domestic loans is greater than or equal to the industry average.
“The agricultural economy may be faced with headwinds in 2015, but farm banks are well positioned to continue serving the needs of farmers and ranchers across the country,” said Brittany Dengler, ABA senior research manager, economic policy and research. “Banks hold nearly half of all farm loans and will remain an important source of ag credit.”
Dengler noted that the entire banking industry – not just farm banks – provide farmers and ranchers with the credit they need. At the end of 2014, banks held $161 billion in farm and ranch loans.
Small and micro loans made up almost half of bank agricultural lending in 2014. A small farm loan is a loan with an original value of $500,000 or less and a micro farm loan is a loan with an original value of $100,000 or less.
Farm banks continued to build high quality capital over the year. Equity capital at farm banks increased 4.8 percent to $46.2 billion in 2014, while Tier 1 capital increased by $3.3 billion to $38.8 billion.
In addition, more than 97 percent of farm banks were profitable in 2014, with 65 percent reporting an increase in earnings.
“Farm banks play a vital role in their communities by providing loans, creating jobs and paying taxes to support rural America,” said Dengler.
Farm banks also added more than 2,300 jobs, a 2.8 percent increase, and employed more than 89,000 rural Americans. Since 2007, employment at farm banks has risen 16.6 percent.
The Farm Bank Performance Report also provides regional summaries:
The Northeast region’s 10 farm banks increased farm loans by 19.7 percent to $556 million. Ag production loans rose 6.1 percent and farmland loans rose 26.9 percent.
The South region’s 203 farm banks increased farm loans by 9 percent to $6.7 billion. Ag production loans rose 17.8 percent and farmland loans rose 6 percent.
The Cornbelt region’s 962 farm banks increased farm loans by 13.8 percent to $41.8 billion. Ag production loans increased 16 percent and farmland loans rose 11.9 percent.
The Plains region’s 787 farm banks increased farm loans by 15 percent to more than $36.5 billion. Ag production loans increased 18.7 percent and farmland loans rose 10.3 percent.
The West region’s 74 farm banks increased farm loans by 10.9 percent to $9 billion. Ag production loans increased 10 percent and farmland loans rose 11.6 percent.
Source: American Bankers Association
The Ghost of Christmas Future is the most fearsome character in “The Christmas Carol,” Charles Dickens’ beloved Christmas story, giving Scrooge a glimpse of his bleak future. Horrified, Scrooge changes his selfish lifestyle in a heartbeat.
An abundant Thanksgiving 2014 is almost upon us. But like Scrooge, we’ll need a dramatic change in our beliefs if we’re to have a plenitude of healthful food not just for us, but for all of the 9 or so billion expected at the global dinner table on Thanksgiving 2050.
The beliefs and narratives that need rethinking are those around GMOs and organic food.
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are crop plants and animals improved by modern molecular techniques, rather than older, often less precise methods. GM crops, such as insect-resistant corn and cotton, have been in commercial production for almost two decades. They are now grown in 27 countries on more than 400 million acres by 18 million farmers, more than 90 percent of whom are resource-poor, small-holder farmers.
GM crops have increased farm income, reduced pesticide use, soil erosion and carbon dioxide emission, and benefited consumers by decreasing fungal toxin contamination of corn.
It’s a fact that neither people nor animals have been harmed by consuming food or feed containing GM ingredients. Even decade ago, we thought that people would be reassured as evidence grew, as it has, that GM crops are safe. But that’s not what happened. Instead, more and more people have come to believe that they are dangerous.
America’s Thanksgiving 2014 will be a plentiful feast. Farmers have gotten very good at coaxing food from the land. Over the second half of the 20th century, the number of people on Earth doubled, yet the amount of food tripled. Mechanization, plant genetics, irrigation and synthetic fertilizers all contributed to the today’s food abundance.
But the notions that organically grown food is more healthful than food produced by conventional methods and that organic is the only sustainable agriculture are gaining traction, as is the idea that conventional agriculture and synthetic fertilizers are somehow bad.
So what are the facts? Organically grown food is not more healthful than conventionally grown food. Plants don’t care whether their nitrogen comes from manure or a sack of fertilizer. Organic produce is more expensive because organic farming is less productive than conventional farming. Nor is it sustainable on a global scale. Indeed, if the whole world relied on organic farming, we could feed about half of today’s 7 billion people.
What’s the forecast for Thanksgiving 2050? Although they had little effect on the world’s affluent city-dwellers, food price spikes since 2008 unleashed food riots in many poor countries and brought down governments. Indeed, the Arab spring started with food riots. This means that today’s abundance has a razor-thin margin.
It’s been estimated that to meet the challenge of global food security, the world’s farmers will have to produce more food in the next 50 years than all they’ve produced in the last 10,000 years combined. Can they? There’s deep reason for concern.
Important crops are reaching their yield plateaus in major food-producing countries. Because demand continues to rise, much of the recent increase in food production has come from putting more land under crops. Yet we’re beginning to understand that our planet’s resources are finite and that its biodiversity is precious.
We need instead to slow and stop conversion of natural ecosystems to cropland.
In developing countries, particularly in Africa, farmers can still grow much, much more. Organic farming is what most African farmers do now, and most of them are devastatingly poor. They need good seeds, fertilizer, agri-chemicals, training and information to triple their yields, not organic ideology that seeks to prevent access to modern farming inputs. They also need the entire infrastructure that supports modern food systems and the training to run it.
That’s what will put them on the road out of poverty.
Our belief systems and narratives matter, perhaps more than ever in the age of electronic social media. The organic food industry supplies a mere 4 percent of our food, but amplifies its message by promulgating the myth that organic food is more healthful and environmentally sound.
As well, GMO story-telling and fear-mongering have intensified in recent years, driven by individuals and organizations who profit from persuading people that they are dangerous. This is influencing politicians worldwide and impeding the development and introduction of more nutritious, hardy and environmentally friendly GM crops and animals.
Belief systems are notoriously resistant to facts, even mountains of them. And real people don’t change their minds and hearts as fast as characters in stories.
But we urgently need to change our beliefs about food to realize the benefits of investing in advanced, science-based food production systems that can address the difficult challenges of making our agriculture both more sustainable and productive even as our numbers continue to grow.
An opinion editorial by Nina Fedoroff, Ken Cassman and Marshall Matz
NINA FEDOROFF, Ph.D., is a plant biologist and served as science and technology adviser to the secretary of state from 2007-10. KEN CASSMAN, Ph.D., is an international agronomist at the University of Nebraska. MARSHALL MATZ was counsel to the U.S. Senate Agriculture Committee specializing in nutrition and food security. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Des Moines Register
Nate is a realtor with Ranch Mart Inc, a real estate company specializing in ranch and rural land sales. The Ranch Mart is located in the Billings Livestock Commission building in Billings, Montana.
The company was founded in 1977, and together with owner Jim Espy, they have a combined farm and ranch sales experience of 66 years. Their brokers and salesmen have hands-on ownership and experience in cattle ranching and farming and represent both sellers and buyers.